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Boscawen-un Stone Circle

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HISTORY

It is a Bronze Age stone circle near St Buryan, Cornwall, UK. It consists of nineteen stones standing upright in an ellipse with another sloping middle stone just south of the center. There is a west-facing gap in the circle, which may have formed an entrance. The elliptical circle has diameters of 24.9 and 21.9 meters (82 and 72 feet).

WHY THIS PLACE

The stone circle consists of a central stone, surrounded by 19 other stones, including 18 of gray granite and one of brilliant quartz, which describe an ellipse with axes of 24.9 m and 21.9 m. The position of the quartz stone in the southwest can indicate the likely direction of the sun as it moves south after Samhain. At the northeast end of the stone circle there are two stones on the ground, once a possible burial cyst. The large central stone has a petroglyph of feet or axes. These engravings are uncommon in the UK, although they can also be seen on some of the stones at Stonehenge. The rock art is only fully lit around the summer solstice sunrise, although there is partial lighting around the summer sunset.

CURIOSITIES

The circle was aligned with the rising sun of the winter solstice of the Lamorna Gap. The central stone there is a large gap to the west of the circle, which suggests the loss of stones. However, this gap may represent, as in the nearby Merry Maidens, an entry. The central stone is 2.7 m long, but due to its strong northeasterly slope, the tip is only 2.0 m above the ground. Some researchers think that the central stone embodies the phallic masculine principle and the quartz stone represents the feminine powers of the ring.

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