Capernaum is a biblical city on the north bank of the Sea of Galilee, close to Bethsaida (Simon Peter's birthplace) and Corozaim. There is the first reference to this city (John 2:12) when, after the transformation of water into wine at a wedding feast in Cana of Galilee, Jesus went there with his mother Mary, his brothers and his disciples.
WHY THIS PLACE
Greek, Aramaic, Syriac and Latin graffiti testify to the fact that the city was frequently visited by Christian pilgrims in the 4th century. The fact that it has a customs office (Matthew 9: 9) and a Roman garrison suggests that it was a border city between the states of Philip and Herod Antipas.
• Jesus is credited with performing miracles in Capernaum (the centurion's servant, Peter's mother-in-law, an exorcism at sunset and another in the synagogue, healing a paralyzed man and the son of an officer) and then taught often (cf. John 6: 24-71; Mark 9: 33-50)
• A Jewish synagogue was excavated at Tell Hûm and then partially rebuilt. It dates back to the fourth century, but it is not certain that it is located in the same place as that in which Christ taught (Mark 1:21).
• Excavations carried out by V. Corbo since 1968 have uncovered houses in Capernaum that date back to the first century BC, as well as other structures. Among them is an octagonal Christian church, containing a baptistery (5th century AD) and a 4th century AD house, which archaeologists believe was built on the site where Peter's home was thought to have been then.