It is located 74 km from the city of Cusco, at 3,500 meters above sea level. The archaeological area stands out because it shows a series of unique circular platforms that look like amphitheaters. The largest has 12 terraces with a depth of 100 meters.
For the researchers, the circular terraces of Moray functioned as an agricultural research center, where each level offered a different climatic environment and served to experimentally grow different plants. The terraces were built on retaining walls filled with fertile land. They were watered through complex irrigation systems. At the bottom of the terraces, there is a rainwater storage system. Over 250 plant species have been successfully cultivated throughout this system. Other studies indicate that the place was used for astronomical observation and monitoring of climatic changes that could occur, through the monitoring of sunlight and shadows that appeared from the high mountains in this area.
WHY THIS PLACE
In the small village of Maras, you will find the Archaeological Site of Moray, a place with circular terraces that, at first glance, will look like amphitheaters built in impressive natural depressions. These concentric terraces overlapped in huge holes, giving the impression of being carved in large basins. Each of these small terraces has its own microclimate, depending on how deep it is. Some studies claim that Moray would have been used as a laboratory, to determine the ideal conditions for the cultivation of each species. There are three holes, one of which was cultivated with plants of different species. Many people believe that this construction is one of the most impressive made by the Incas; and, without a doubt, going through Moray in the Sacred Valley of the Incas, is one of the best excursions before visiting the Inca City of Machu Picchu.
National Geographic describes it as an “extreme example of Inca landscaping”.