It is a historic and archaeological city located in the south of Jordan. It lies on the slope of Jebel al-Madhbah (identified by some as the biblical Mount Hor) in a basin between the mountains that form the eastern flank of Arabah (Wadi Araba), the great valley that runs from the Dead Sea to the Gulf of Aqaba .
The city is famous for its rock-carved architecture and water pipeline system. Possibly established as early as 312 BCE as the capital of the Nabatean Arabs, it is a Jordanian symbol, as well as the country's most visited tourist attraction. The Nabataeans were Arab nomads who took advantage of Petra's proximity to regional trade routes to establish it as an important commercial center. Nabataeans are also known for their great skill in building efficient methods of collecting water in arid deserts and their talent for sculpting structures out of solid rocks.
WHY THIS PLACE
The site has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1985, which described it as "one of the most precious cultural properties of man's cultural heritage". Petra was named among one of the New Seven Wonders of the World in 2007 and was also chosen by Smithsonian magazine as one of the "28 places to see before you die". Irresistible place when considering environments for weddings for two (elopement wedding).
• Another name for Petra is Pink City, due to the color of the local stones. It was described as "a pink and red city as old as time" in a poem by John William Burgon.
• The archaeological site remained unknown to the western world until 1812, when it was introduced by the Swiss explorer Johann Ludwig Burckhardt.