BeachBrazilIslandPresidioSouth America

Presidio Beach of Anchieta Island

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HISTORY

Is the main beach of Ilha Anchieta State Park, enchanting both for its beauty and for its local history. Ruins of this prison can still be visited with monitoring by the guides who are part of the schooner tours that leave from Saco da Ribeira and Itaguá.

The penal colony on the island was founded in 1908, under the name "Correctional Colony of Ilha dos Porcos" and housed common prisoners and minor offenders. In the 1930s, it received political prisoners from the Vargas dictatorship. There had already been a revolt in 1933, in which about a hundred prisoners preyed on the premises and took control of the guard, however, the situation was controlled, with no deaths.In 1934, in honor of José de Anchieta's fourth centenary of birth, Ilha dos Porcos received the name of Ilha Anchieta and the name of the penal colony became "Correctional Colony of Anchieta Island".

In 1952, the prison was home to the most dangerous criminals in the state of São Paulo. 453 were arrested on the day of the rebellion, guarded by a contingent of fifty police officers. The action was planned in advance and the details were designed by leader Álvaro da Conceição Carvalho Farto, nicknamed "Portuga", who even asked to go to isolation, claiming to be "threatened" by other prisoners, just to have more peace of mind to study the details of the action For a long time, under the guidance of another leader, João Pereira Lima, nicknamed "Pernambuco", the detainees sought to gain the trust of the police and their families living on the island, in order to facilitate action at the right time. Three years later, in 1955, the prison on Ilha Anchieta was deactivated and the prisoners were transferred to the Casa de Custódia de Taubaté, maximum security prison where, decades later, the criminal faction called the First Command of the Capital would appear. On March 29, 1977, the island became an environmental protection area, with the creation of the Ilha Anchieta State Park.

WHY THIS PLACE

A trail leads to Praia do Sul, another paradisiacal place with clear waters, suitable for diving.

CURIOSITIES

• A bloody prisoner rebellion in 1952 led to the deactivation of the prison that operated there.

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