ScotlandStones

Ring of Brodgar

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HISTORY

It is the third-largest stone circle in the British Isles. Covering a field of ​​8,435 square meters, it is only smaller than the Avebury henge and stone circles and the great circle of Staton Drew in England. It is part of a list of the most important archaeological sites from the Neolithic period in Great Britain.

WHY THIS PLACE

The circle is practically in the center of a natural caldera formed by hills of the surrounding natural landscape. It is part of a large religious complex from the Neolithic period, probably also for the purpose of observing the sky. The first accounts of it come from the 16th century, written by a mysterious author, most likely a priest who made the first observations on the shape of the building and speculated some uses for the circle.

CURIOSITIES

When the circle was erected, the entire region was swampy and waterlogged. Its age is uncertain as the center of the stone circle has not been excavated. It is generally assumed to have been built between 2500 BC and 2000 BC. It was built in the shape of a circle 104 meters in diameter. Originally it was thought to contain 60 monoliths, but archaeological evidence does not support the version. Today it only contains 27. They measure up to almost five meters, with a minimum height of 2 meters.

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