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Temple of Edfu

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HISTORY

The Temple of Edfu, also called the Temple of Horus, the name of the deity to which it was dedicated, is a Ptolemaic temple located on the western bank of the Nile, in Edfu, about 180 km away. from the city of Aswan, Egypt. Built of sandy stone, the temple remained under construction for about 180 years. Construction began around 237 BC, and continued during the reign of several Pharaohs, until around 57 BC, but some additions were also made during the reign of the Roman emperor Augustus.

The location of the city of Edfu was strategically studied, close enough to the Nile so that it would not be isolated in the middle of the desert, but far enough from the river that it would not be subject to flooding.

 

WHY THIS PLACE

The Temple of Edfu measures 137 meters long and 79 meters wide with a gigantic pylon (portal and two towers) that reaches 37 meters in height. It has an open courtyard, a room with 18 columns and another interior room with 12 columns, two consecutive vestibules and the sanctuary at the bottom of the temple.

Above the entrance is visible the winged solar disk, the traditional symbol of protection present in all Egyptian temples. The entrance to the temple is flanked by two statues of the god Falcon Horus made of gray granite. An imposing setting that dates back to the heyday of the ancient Egyptians, perfect for hosting a wedding of magnanimous proportions.

CURIOSITIES

• During the Hellenistic period the city was named in Greek Koiné (Greek Alexandrian) Ἀπόλλωνος πόλις (City of Apollo) while at the time of Roman domination its name in Latin was Apollonopolis Magna, because in the Greco-Roman tradition the god Horus was identified as Apollo.
• Marriage in Ancient Egypt was a private act, the fulfillment of the desire to live together, without any kind of legal framework and without the need for religious sanction, so much so that the Egyptian language did not have a word for "marriage". In spite of this, the texts of the wisdom literature recommended the man to found a family as soon as his material conditions allowed, and in these same texts the man was advised to love and to try to please his wife.

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