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The Residency

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HISTORY

The Residence is a conglomeration of several buildings located in the heart of the city of Lucknow (capital of the state of Uttar Pradesh, India), in the immediate vicinity of other monuments such as the Shaheed Smarak (Memorial of the Martyrs) and the High Court Building (Court Building). Higher). Lucknow is popularly known as The City of the Nawabs, the Golden City of the East, The Shiraz of India (Shiraz-i-Hind) and The Constantinople of India and was founded in the 13th century.

WHY THIS PLACE

The Residence was built between 1780 and 1800, during the reign of Nawab Saadat Ali Khan II, for the British resident general, who was the United Kingdom's representative at the local court ruled by the Nawab (Hindi term meaning Nawab). The main building overlooks the Gomti River and is surrounded by lawns, terraces and gardens. During the First Indian War of Independence, which between July 1 and November 17, 1857, led to the Siege of Lucknow, the Residence was the scene of dramatic events that left it in ruins.

CURIOSITIES

Even after India gained its independence, the buildings were not restored and the walls are still scarred by cannon fire. Nowadays the complex has been transformed into a tourist attraction.

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