AbbeyEuropeIreland

Tintern Abbey

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HISTORY

It was a Cistercian abbey located on the Hook Peninsula, County Wexford, Ireland. The Abbey - which today lies in ruins, some of which have been restored - was founded in 1200 by William Marshal, Earl of Pembroke, as a result of a promise made when his boat was caught in a nearby storm. Although the specific date of foundation is not confirmed in some sources, in a 1917 analysis for the Royal Irish Academy historian J. H. Bernard suggests a foundation date of 3 December 1200. Once established, the abbey was settled by monks of the Cistercian Abbey of Tintern in Monmouthshire, Wales, of which Marshal was also a patron. To distinguish the two, the mother house in Wales was sometimes known as the "Tintern Major" and the abbey in Ireland as the "Tintern de Voto" (Tintern of the vow).

WHY THIS PLACE

After the dissolution of the monasteries, the abbey and its foundations were first granted to Sir James Croft and, in 1575, to Anthony Colclough of Staffordshire, a soldier of Henry VIII. His descendants became the Baronets of Colclough. The last member of the Colclough family to reside in Tintern was Lucey Marie Biddulph Colclough, who donated the abbey to the Irish State.

CURIOSITIES

Between 1982 and 2007, the Office of Public Works' National Monuments service undertook a series of excavation and heritage development efforts at the abbey, including special conservation measures for the local bat colonies. Additional work was carried out following a fire at the site's visitor center, which damaged part of the 19th-century outbuildings on the abbey grounds.

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